Garment factories

Improving worker well-being

CARE has been working in the garment industry in Cambodia since 1998 and has conducted activities in 48 factories to date. Our staff are familiar with the needs of garment workers, particularly young female migrants, and how these can impact their work. CARE has well-established relationships with key groups within the sector and has built networks of peer educators within factories who are conducting skills training with their co-workers.


Factory managers who have engaged with CARE have reported improved attendance and increased productivity among project participants, as well as much better communication and teamwork. Workers have also had improved access to health and hygiene information through life skills training. CARE’s success in other business sectors, such as the beer promotion industry, has included reducing harassment, improving worker confidence in their abilities and improved occupational health and safety by supporting the creation of industry standards.




March 2012 – February 2015



Kampong Cham & Prey Veng provinces



Community members in two provinces – young women and girls, young men, and parents

As many as 50% of people hold the view that under certain circumstances a man is justified in hitting his partner 
1 in 3 women working in sectors such as the construction and garment industries report experiencing sexual harassment


Cultural attitudes mean incidences of gender based violence often go unreported and perpetrators remain unpunished 



Cambodian law states that any form of sexual harassment in the workplace is forbidden


Addressing gender-based violence

Gender-based violence remains a critical rights violation which serves to increase poverty and inequality. CARE works to prevent, protect women from and respond to all forms of this to ensure women in Cambodia are able to exercise their right to a life free from violence.


CARE is acknowledged to be a key player in combating gender-based violence in Cambodia. CARE works to promote quality services, transform attitudes and norms, and ensure women are empowered to use their voice and speak out. In Cambodia, CARE focuses on women who may be particularly marginalised or at risk, such as migrant workers and women and girls from ethnic minorities. 


CARE's work to address gender-based violence includes:

  • Addressing sexual harassment
    CARE promotes workplace and community protections which clearly state that these behaviours will not be tolerated and encourage people to speak out against sexual harassment. CARE also ensures addressing sexual harassment remains a priority within national strategies relating to gender-based violence.

  • Promoting quality support services 
    CARE aims to ensure police and authorities are well-equipped to deal with reports of violence effectively, while ensuring referrals to support systems such as specialised health services are available.

  • Engaging men & boys 
    CARE conducts targeted campaigns and engages men as champions to challenge prevailing views and lead change.

  • Empowering women to use their voice
    CARE aims to challenge cultural norms and empower women to use their voice to promote change.

  • Preventing early marriage  
    CARE engages with young people and communities, particularly those from ethnic minorities, to ensure girls are aware of their rights and are empowered to negotiate these.

Funding partners

Read more about how CARE is addressing gender-based violence 

Learn more about CARE's research on perceptions of sexual harassment 

Read CARE's regional strategy on a life free from violence. 


CARE Cambodia makes key pieces of research publicly available for the benefit of partners and other organisations working in similar fields. All content contained on these pages should be considered the property of CARE unless otherwise stated and should not be reproduced without prior consent. Where specific information detailed in any of CARE Cambodia's research or publications is referred to in other work, CARE Cambodia should be referenced as the original source.  ...

Photo credits: CARE/Nicolas Axelrod